[Seminar] Leveraging Advances in Computational Electrodynamics to Enable New Kinds of Nanophotonic Device Design
Who: Dr. Ardavan Oskooi, Founder and CEO of Simpetus
When: Thursday, October 29th 12:00 pm
Where: ESB 2001
Snacks & Coffee will be provided.
Ardavan Osooki is offering to meet personally with interested students and researchers to discuss how to use his electromagnetics FDTD software for your specific simulations, or how to how to program an FDTD software from scratch, as he has done.
If you are interested in a one-on-one meeting with him, please email to Tanya Das firstname.lastname@example.org with your availability on Thursday, October 29th, and we will get back to you with a meeting time.
Abstract: Advances in computational electrodynamics have the potential to enable fundamentally new kinds of designs in nanophotonic devices which are based principally on complex, non-analytical wave-interference effects. Powerful, flexible, open-source software tools have now been made available for use in large-scale, parallel computations to model the interaction of light with practically any kind of material in any arbitrary geometry. These recent developments in computational capability make possible the investigation of various emergent structures and physical phenomena that were previously beyond the reach of pencil-and-paper analytical methods as well as less versatile and even less accessible commercial software tools. Here, I demonstrate how such advances in finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) methods for computational electromagnetism via an open-source software package known as MEEP can lead to entirely new designs for light trapping in nanostructured thin-film silicon solar cells as well as light extraction from nanostructured organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In the last part of this seminar, I will provide a live demonstration of launching MEEP simulations on an on-demand high-performance computing (HPC) cluster in the cloud through our startup, Simpetus. Simpetus provides a holistic solution to the three main challenges of using simulations for research and development: 1) no software licenses or installation, 2) no hardware acquisition or maintenance and 3) technial support from the experts. The mission of Simpetus is to propel computational simulations to the forefront of photonics research and development.
Bio: Ardavan Oskooi is the Founder and CEO of Simpetus, a San Francisco- startup offering an on-demand photonics simulation platform with a mission to propel computational simulations to the forefront of photonics R&D. Ardavan received his Sc.D. from MIT where he worked with Prof. Steven Johnson and John Joannopoulos (thesis: Computation & Design for Nanophotonics) to develop MEEP (ab-initio.mit.edu/meep). Ardavan has published 13 first-author articles in peer-reviewed journals and a book "Advances in FDTD Computational Electrodynamics: Photonics and Nanotechnology” with Prof. Allen Taflove of Northwestern University and Steven Johnson. He has a masters in Computation for Design and Optimization from MIT and completed his undergraduate studies, with honors, in Engineering Science at the University of Toronto. Prior to launching Simpetus, he worked with Prof. Susumu Noda at Kyoto University and Stephen Forrest at the University of Michigan on leveraging MEEP to push the frontier of optoelectronic device design
Who: Prof. Amnon Yariv, Dept. of Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering at CalTech
When: Friday Jan. 23rd, 4:00 pm
Where: Eng. Sciences Building 2001 Snacks & Coffee will be provided
Abstract: The talk will describe the theory, design, fabrication, and the experimental results of an effort that led to a new type of hybrid Si/III-V semiconductor (SCL) laser with a linewidth below 1 KHz. This result is nearly 3 orders of magnitude better (smaller linewidth) than that of commercial SC lasers.
Other key parameters relevant to coherence such as the phase/amplitude coupling constant, α, and the relaxation resonance frequency are reduced by more than an order of magnitude. The fabrication employed is CMOS compatible making the new laser integrable with electronic circuits and potentially enabling a new generation of communication, time-keeping, and sensing applications.
Bio: Amnon Yariv is the Martin and Eileen Summerfield Professor of Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering at Caltech. He obtained the B.S. (1954), M.S. (1956) and Ph.D. (1958) in electrical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. He went to the Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey in 1959, joining the early stages of the laser effort. He came to the California Institute of Technology in 1964.
On the technical side, he is responsible with W. H.Louisell and A.E. Siegman for the quantum mechanical formulation of parametric (nonlinear) optics. With students and various colleagues, he proposed and demonstrated the fields of: Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits (IOECS), the Distributed Feedback Semiconductor laser, and coupled-resonator optical waveguide. His recent research is on 3D lidar imaging with swept frequency semiconductor lasers and limits of coherence of semiconductor lasers.
Dr. Yariv is a member of the American Physical Society, Phi Beta Kappa, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Optical Society of America. He was the recipient of the 1980 Quantum Electronics Award of the IEEE, the 1985 University of Pennsylvania Pender Award, the 1986 Optical Society of America Ives Medal, the 1992 Harvey Prize, the 1998 OSA Beller Medal, the National Medal of Science 2010, and the IEEE Photonics Award 2011.
Dr. Yariv was a founder and chairman-of-the-board of ORTEL Corporation (acquired by Lucent Technologies in 1998), and is a founder and a board member of a number of startup companies in the optical communications field.
Who: Prof. Joyce Poon, University of Toronto, Dept. of Electrical Engineering
When: Thursday October 9th, 4:00 pm
Where: Eng. Sciences Building (ESB), Room 2001
Abstract: The surging progress in silicon photonics over the past decade has been driven by its potential application in low cost, high bandwidth, wavelength-division multiplexed short reach optical interconnect. Despite significant advances, numerous technical challenges remain, such as the control of resonant devices, the implementation of large swing optical modulators, the management of polarization, the need for improved variation tolerance, an effective means for efficient and broadband fiber-to-chip optical coupling, and approaches to electronic-photonic integration.
In this talk, I will provide an overview of my group’s progress in addressing these issues in silicon-based photonic platforms. Photonic devices and integrated circuits implemented in standard silicon-on-insulator photonic platforms and a custom silicon nitride-on-silicon platform will be presented. I will describe microring modulators and filters that circumvent conventional limits, the first polarization rotator-splitters and controllers in standard silicon photonic platforms, grating couplers with record-setting bandwidths and insertion losses, and our ongoing efforts in electronic integration. The work paves the path toward very large- scale photonic integrated circuits and terabit-scale optical transceivers.
Bio: Joyce Poon is an Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at University of Toronto, where she holds the Canada Research Chair in Integrated Photonic Devices. She is currently a Visiting Associate in Electrical Engineering at Caltech. She and her team conduct theoretical and experimental research in micro- and nano-scale integrated photonics
Dr. Poon obtained her Ph.D. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Caltech in 2007 and 2003 respectively, and the B.A.Sc. in Engineering Science (physics option) from the University of Toronto in 2002. She is the recipient of a McCharles Prize for Early Research Career Distinction, a MIT TR35 award in 2012, IBM Faculty Award in 2010 and 2011, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation Early Researcher Award in 2009, NSERC University Faculty Award in 2008, and the Clauser Doctoral Thesis Prize from Caltech in 2007.
Abstract: Today’s fiber-optic communication networks span the globe, delivering broadband information across all market segments and connecting massive datacenters, businesses, and individual user’s homes. As such, optical networks must operate reliably and efficiently when transporting the massive information capacity of the Internet, allowing networks to adapt to growing and changing demand flows and occasional interruptions. Wavelength-selective switches (WSS) have been instrumental in fulfilling this role, enabling all-optical spectral routing of individual wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) communication channels at network nodes.
The recent introduction of space-division multiplexing (SDM) to the optical communication domain with new fiber types, in order to economically support the exponentially growing capacity, necessitates complementary components for implementing SDM-WDM optical networks. SDM is typically realized with either multi-core or few-mode fibers and great capacity achievements have been demonstrated to-date in each fiber solution. Wavelength-selective switching functionality for these two fiber types has recently been introduced. A joint- switching WSS concept has been realized for multi-core fibers, enabling information to be encoded and routed on the SDM-WDM optical network as a spatial super-channel (single wavelength channel spanning multiple cores). This spatial super-channel routing concept with joint-switching WSS also extends to few- mode fibers. Hence a single WSS can then be used in analogous fashion to the single-mode fiber networks, thereby heralding the cost-savings benefits of SDM. A WSS with direct few-mode fiber interfaces has been demonstrated with the few-mode beams routed in free-space just as the single mode beam does in a conventional WSS. A study on the pass band filtering effect and mode mixing due to the spectral switching of dispersed components revealed the spatial-spectral interplay in the mode-dependent loss attributes of the few- mode fiber WSS. Such advanced WSS prototypes will serve the next generation transport networks when SDM is fully adopted by carriers.
Bio: Prof. Dan Marom joined the faculty of the Applied Physics Department in the fall of 2005, where he is pursuing his research interests in creating photonic devices for switching and manipulating optical signals. Dan earned the B.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1989, and the M.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering in 1995, both from Tel-Aviv University's School of Engineering. He was awarded the Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering by the University of California, San Diego , in 2000. From 2000 until 2005, Dan was employed as a Member of the Technical Staff at Bell Laboratories , then part of Lucent Technologies.
Abstract: Microscopy is usually performed in a laboratory on carefully prepared, very thin samples and achieves resolutions of better than a micrometer. Medical imaging, by contrast, is usually performed on sizeable portions of the living human body, and resolutions are rarely better than 1 millimeter. Over the last decade, there has been great progress in applying optical microscopy techniques to the human body in a medical setting. This push has been led by optical coherence tomography (OCT), which is now in mainstream use in ophthalmology and is gaining acceptance in cardiology. In this talk, 3D microscopic imaging deep inside tissue using the OCT microscope in a needle will be described. Needle delivery makes optical imaging possible in many tissues previously inaccessible to optics. Aimed to be broadly accessible, this talk will describe the underpinning photonics and guided-wave optics design and fabrication needed to make high-quality micro-imaging possible. Technical advances such as realization of ultra-small needle probes, extended imaging depth of focus, handheld micrometer-resolution tracking, and multimodality needle probes combining OCT with fluorescence, and with elastography will be presented. It will describe how such probes are built into photonic systems and where they are being applied, such as in breast cancer surgery, as well as how the technology may evolve and where it may be applied in the future.
Bio: Winthrop Professor Sampson is Director of the Centre for Microscopy, Characterization & Analysis, a core facility of the University of Western Australia, and heads the Optical + Biomedical Engineering Laboratory (OBEL) in the School of Electrical, Electronic & Computer Engineering. He directs the Western Australian nodes of the Australian Microscopy & Microanalysis Research Facility and Australia’s National Imaging Facility. He is a Fellow of the OSA and the SPIE, and an Associate Editor of IEEE Photonics Journal, the IEEE Transactions of Biomedical Engineering and on the editorial boards of the Journal of Biomedical Optics and the journals Photonic Sensors and Photonics & Lasers in Medicine. W/Prof. Sampson’s research interests are in biomedical optical engineering, with an emphasis on photonics, imaging and microscopy. His current main interest, beyond advancing microscope-in-a-needle technology, is in optical elastography – the imaging of tissue mechanical properties. His other interests include anatomical optical coherence tomography for imaging in human airways, and holographic microscopy.
Summary: Photodetectors continue to play a crucial role in fiber optic communication systems and microwave photonics as applications demand higher bandwidths, larger power levels, and increased spectral efficiencies. High-speed, high-power photodetectors are needed as conventional top-illuminated p-i-n photodiodes cannot achieve the requisite bandwidth-efficiency products, while output power levels cause a move to side-illuminated waveguide photodiodes, photodiode arrays, and novel epitaxial layer structures. Furthermore, photodetectors incorporated into photonic integrated circuits enable more complex receiver architectures for the detection of advanced modulation formats guaranteeing the highest performance and packing density at the lowest cost.
In my talk, I provide a brief introduction to photodiode fundamentals, considerations of material systems and basic structures. I present state-of-the-art 145 GHz-waveguide photodiodes and high-power photodetector arrays that have been successfully operated at bitrates as high as 160 Gbit/s and discuss the development of an integrated dual-polarization coherent receiver that has become a key component in today’s 100 Gbit/s and emerging 400 Gbit/s fiber optic links. I cover novel device structures and photodiode arrays that enabled photonic generation of highly linear microwave signals at record-high output power levels. This includes heterogeneously integrated InP-based photodiodes on silicon that achieved the highest saturation current-bandwidth products on a silicon photonics platform to date.
Bio: Dr. Andreas Beling received the Dipl.-Phys. degree (M.S.) in physics from the University of Bonn, Germany, in 2000 and the Dr.-Ing. degree (Ph.D.) in electrical engineering from Technical University Berlin, Germany, in 2006. He was a staff scientist in the photonics division at the Heinrich-Hertz-Institut in Berlin in 2001-2006, a Research Associate in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Virginia in 2006-2008, and has two years of industry experience as a project manager working on optoelectronic receivers for high-speed fiber optic communication systems. He returned to University of Virginia in late 2010 as a Research Scientist and became Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at U.Va in 2013. His research interests include high-speed photodiodes, photonic integration technologies, and optoelectronic receivers for digital communications. Andreas Beling has authored or co-authored more than 100 technical papers, two book chapters, and three patents. He is a member of the IEEE Photonics Society and the Optical Society of America.
Every company – even the largest household names such as Google or Apple or even IBM - begins life as a start-up. Drawing on experience gained from Dr. Poole’s extensive start-up history, this presentation will look at how some of the companies and research groups in which Dr. Poole has been involved got started, what they did and how they subsequently developed and thrived. The presentation aims to inspire researchers who are considering how to commercialize their research to take the next steps and move out of the research lab and into the brave new world of commercialization.
Dr. Simon Poole is an engineer/entrepreneur with over 30 years experience in photonics in research, academia and industry. He has been involved in numerous successful start-ups in both Academia and industry and is renowned for both his contribution to the technology of photonics as well as the companies he has founded.
Dr. Simon Poole is an engineer/entrepreneur with over 30 years experience in photonics in research, academia and industry. He obtained his PhD from Southampton University in 1987 and was a member of the team that invented the Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) in 1985. In 1988 he moved to Australia and founded the Optical Fiber Technology Centre (OFTC) and subsequently Australian Photonics Cooperative Research Centre (APCRC) at the University of Sydney where he was director of the Sydney Node from 1991 to 1995. The APCRC grew to over 150 researchers and led to 15 start-ups which raised a total of over $250m in Venture Capital funding.
In 1995, Dr. Poole led the first spin-off company from the APCRC, Indx Pty Ltd which manufactured Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) for optical communications. Indx was acquired by Uniphase Corporation (now JDS Uniphase) for $US6m and subsequently grew to over 300 people with exports of over $100m pa. After leaving JDSUniphase in late 2000 he worked as a venture partner with KPLJ Ventures before co-founding Engana Pty Ltd in September 2001.
As Engana’s CEO Dr. Poole raised $13m in VC funding and oversaw the development and launch of Engana’s market-leading Dynamic Wavelength Processor line of Wavelength Selective Switches in early 2005. The company, now Finisar Australia, employs 280 people in Sydney and a similar number in China, with annual sales of Wavelength Selective Switches of >$100m pa.
In 2008, Dr. Poole started a new group within Finisar, the New Business Ventures Group, to generate new, high value added businesses using the principles of Open Innovation. The first business within this group was the highly successful WaveShaper range of Programmable Optical Processors which already has sales of over $6m pa.
Dr. Poole is a Fellow of the IEEE in 2001 and is also a Fellow of the Institute of Engineers Australia (FIEAust), a Senior Member of the Institute of Engineering and Technology (SMIET) and a Chartered Engineer (CEng). He has published over 150 refereed papers in journals and international conferences as well as filing 7 patents, including the initial patent on the EDFA.
Prof. John Bowers, Dr. Simon Poole & IPS President Sudha Srinivasan after Dr. Poole's lecture.
Dr. Simon Poole gave a fantastic lecture, attended by researchers from many fields beyond photonics.
With the remorseless growth in demand for telecommunication services, the capacity of optical fiber links first exceeded the capabilities of electronics, requiring the introduction of wavelength division multiplexing, and is now approaching a fundamental limit.
This limit is due to a trade-off between the familiar Shannon limit at low signal powers, and nonlinear effects at high powers. Before considering the implications of the capacity crunch when demand finally hits this limit, this lecture will review the technological achievements which took the industry from its first commercial service with the Dorset (UK) police in 1975 through to the 10 Tbit/s systems of today.
Dr. Andrew Ellis was born in Underwood, England in 1965 and gained a BSc in Physics with a minor in mathematics from the University of Sussex, Brighton, England in 1987. He was awarded his PhD in Electronic and Electrical Engineering from The University of Aston in Birmingham, Birmingham, England in 1997 for his study on All Optical Networking beyond 10 Gbit/s.
He previously worked for British Telecom Research Laboratories as a Senior Research Engineer investigating the use of optical amplifiers and advanced modulation formats in optical networks and the Corning Research Centre as a Senior Research Fellow where he led activities in high speed optical component characterization. Currently, he heads the Transmission and Sensors Group at the Tyndall National Institute in Cork, Ireland, where he is also a member of the Department of Physics, University College Cork. He is also an adjunct Professor of Electronic Engineering at Dublin City University, and a founder of the Dublin based start-up Pilot Photonics. He research interests include all optical OFDM, optical and electrical signal processing, the mechanisms limiting capacity in optical communication systems, and the application of photonics to sensing.
Dr. Ellis is a member of the Institute of Physics and the Institute of Engineering Technology, and is a Chartered Physicist. He is an Associate Editor of Optics Express and acts as a reviewer for IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology, Photonics Technology Letters and Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. He has published over 150 journal papers and over 24 patents in the field of Photonics.
Prof. Cheng and his team have made milestone contributions in a series of works describing photonics packaging technology from the art and science points of view. The lecture will present the photonics packaging technology including the high-coupling packaging design of double-variable-curvature microlens employing fully automated process for higher average coupling efficiency from 980-nm lasers into single mode fibers, reduction of fiber alignment and postweld shift in laser module packaging, packaging of passively mode-locked fiber lasers employing carbon nanotubes or graphene, packaging of high-reliability glass-doped phosphor-converted high-power white-light-emitting diodes, and packaging of 300-nm ultra-broadband Cr-doped fiber amplifier for broadband transmission.
Wood-Hi Cheng is a Chair Professor at National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaoshiung, Taiwan, where he founded and became the Director of the Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering (1994–2000), and Dean of College Engineering (2002–2005). In 2007 he chaired the Southern Taiwan Opto-Electronics Center of Excellence. Presently he is a Program Director of Optoelectronics in the National Science Council of Taiwan providing research grants and direction. Prof. Cheng is a Fellow of IEEE and OSA.
While Dr. Cheng was in the United States, he contributed to the development and growth of high-speed semiconductor lasers with semi-insulating (SI) blocking layers at Rockwell International, CA. In 1987-1993, he was the first to propose and demonstrate low-threshold, high-power, and high-speed 1.3 mm buried crescent lasers with the iron and cobalt-doped SI current blocking layers. He also developed a high-power low-divergence superradiant diode at General Optronics, NJ. In Taiwan, Professor Cheng’s R&D made contributions to photonic package technology and technology transfer to industry (Quarton). Quarton then became the first solid-state laser company in Taiwan, and is currently the top-five sale for laser pointer in world since 1993. He was recipient of the IEEE Photonics Engineering Achievement Award in 2010 for design, development and commercialization compact solid-state laser modules. Prof. Cheng’s most significant R&D is the demonstration of record ultra-broadband 300-nm Cr-doped fibers (CDFs). The CDFs have been used for the first time as a broadband Cr-doped fiber amplifier (CDFA). With the help of optical-fiber system examination for the CDFA, a 40-Gb/s error-floor free data transmission is successfully demonstrated on fiber-optic transmission.
Solid-state lighting and solar photovoltaic devices typically employ optical materials comprising isotropic assemblies of atomic and molecular electric dipoles. Many nanomaterials, however, exhibit optical properties that are inconsistent with these simple models. In this talk we discuss novel optical phenomena arising from oriented “multipole antenna” resonances in organic materials and dielectric nanostructures. We identify multipolar resonances in semiconductor nanowires and show how to exploit these effects to enhance light absorption in ultrathin photovoltaics or to construct materials with optical properties not found in nature. These engineered nanomaterials also serve as models for understanding the optical properties of organic materials. We demonstrate antenna effects arising from oriented intra- and inter-molecular exciton species and describe ongoing efforts to measure and manipulate “forbidden” optical processes in heavy-atom phosphors and molecular H-aggregates.
Jon Schuller graduated from the Physics department at UC Santa Barbara in 2003. Afterwards, he joined the Applied Physics department at Stanford University where he received his Ph.D. working with Professor Mark Brongersma. There, Schuller's research interests comprised nanophotonics, plasmonics, metamaterials, and IR spectroscopy. After graduating in 2009, he took a position as a Fellow of the Energy Frontier Research Center, where he applied nanophotonics concepts and techniques towards the fundamental study of solar cell materials and optics. In 2012 Schuller became a "born-again Gaucho," joining the ECE department as an Assistant Professor.